Over a decade ago, some pundits made the prediction that books would eventually disappear. Now it seems that books are not on the extinction list, ready for the “guillotine” of the disruptive technology.

Pedagogues and universities and schools in their traditional existences would be challenged by on-line education, they said. Factory workers would be replaced by “artificial intelligence”. Reckless chauffeurs.

Needless to say, the print media is becoming obsolete as advertisers prefer online platforms where their ads can blink and flicker on the screen — at least they can measure responses from “clicks” and.

Yet, technology, no matter how advanced and futuristic it is, cannot escape the law of uncertainty. The world has its own way of surprising the pundits — the rise of nationalism in liberal western democracies,

The world has its own way of surprising the pundits — the rise of nationalism in liberal western democracies, terrorism, plagues or economic crises. Surprises can happen to consumption and innovation